How Fire Damage Can Affect Office Buildings
Fire can cause devastation in any environment where it gets out of control, especially commercial establishments since office building fire damage can impact both the company as a whole as well as its employees. Below are some ways in which office building fire damage can adversely affect businesses and how it can be avoided.
Downtime and Financial Losses
Most businesses are small to medium in size and contained within a single building. If a fire breaks out in that location, their operations will be severely disrupted and for startups without significant funds or insurance the damage could be irreversible. Without steady revenues employees will have to be laid off while the owner attempts to find a new location if possible.
Large corporations often have multiple branches or headquarters around the country or world which makes them largely impervious to fire damage. For example, a retail store or restaurant chain with dozens or hundreds of locations will only be minimally impacted by the outbreak of fire and neither their revenue nor stock price will fall by much. Smaller operations by comparison don’t have this luxury.
Even the smallest businesses in most developed countries today depend on computers and the internet. Computers contain hard drives, operating systems and data bases which allow critical company data to be stored, and it isn’t unusual for medium to large companies to use server farms.
Certain industries such as the manufacturing sector are dependent on software to perform essential automated tasks, and most retail stores and supermarkets use software to manage their large inventory. Finally, there are self-employed entrepreneurs who depend heavily on their computers to run software that allows them to create animations, simulations or renderings that can be used in a variety of different projects. Fire is therefore a serious threat because it can cause the loss of critical or sensitive data that may never be recovered, which can permanently damage an organizations ability to function.
When it comes to fire, people have a tendency to focus on the flames rather than the smoke, which is just as dangerous. Not only does inhalation pose a hazard to any company personnel who are onsite during the fire outbreak, but the smoke particles will become ionized and develop electric charges that will adhere to some surfaces, such as nails, plastics and any office furnishings which are manmade like vinyl, which will cause permanent staining.
How To Prevent Fire Damage in Office Buildings
The first step in protecting your business from fire damage is to have great insurance coverage. Insurance carriers differ widely when it comes to their dependability and some are frustrating to deal with. You’ll need to show evidence of the damage and the goods that were destroyed.
The second step is to operate in buildings which have natural resistance to fire and have at least one working fire extinguisher on site at all times. Annually inspect wiring or other sources that could cause a fire and store critical company documents and files in a safe that is fire proof. Using laptops rather than desktop computers allows staff on site to rapidly unplug and carry them outdoors during an emergency.
Common Types Of Fire Damage Residues
If your home has experienced even a small fire, the damage will go deeper than just the materials that were burned. Unfortunately, whenever there is fire, there is most often smoke. Additionally, water damage usually results from the efforts of firefighters or homeowners trying to put out the fire. Even if a fire extinguisher has been used, that's a separate mess to have to deal with.
Here, we are going to examine the three basic kinds of fire damage residues.
The burning of paper products, wood, and other natural products results in a grayish-black colored, dry powdery residue. You may even be tempted to refer to it as ash. Compared to protein and synthetic residues (see below), this type of residue is far easier to clean up. With a bristle brush, vacuum the area in which the residue has been left. After that, cleaning should be done with a dry-chem sponge method.
The burning of proteins such as beans and meats involve fires that leave behind a residue which is yellowish brown. The texture of this residue sticks to any surface and has a greasy feeling. To clean this up, it can be an intensive and involved process. There are proper fire cleaning chemicals that should be used and can be purchased at some hardware stores. Your best course of action, however, when it comes to cleaning up protein fires, is to rely on a professional service. We'll introduce you to one at the end of this piece.
When oil-based materials such as fabrics and plastics are burned, synthetic residue can appear. This could include everything from electronics and carpets to furniture and window coverings. A thick black smoke is produced when synthetic materials burn. A smeary residue is left behind that, if not cleaned up properly, can create an extraordinary mess. To prevent smearing, the residue should not be touched, if at all possible. The best approach to cleaning left behind synthetic residue is vacuuming. After that, cleaning can be accomplished through a dry-chem sponge method.
Dry-Chem Sponge Cleaning
Since we referred to it a couple of times above, let's look at the basics of a dry-chem sponge method.
To absorb and scoop up soot and dirt, dry chemical sponges are used. These sponges are perfect for removing smoke and loose dirt from acoustic tiles, blown ceilings, latex paint, etc., due to their soft surface. The pores of the sponges do the absorbing. Because debris usually follows the law of gravity, begin cleaning at the ceiling when using these dry sponges.
Sponges such as these that clean a surface without getting it wet are also referred to as the following:
- Dry clean sponge
- Chemical sponge
- Soot remover
- Dirt eraser and more
Let SERVPRO of West Somerset County Help You Recover from Fire Damage
At SERVPRO, we don't just handle fire damage restoration as a sideline – it's what we do. Since water damage and fire damage frequently go hand-in-hand, we specialize in both. If you have fire damage – or water damage from any type of natural disaster, plumbing problem, sewage backup, and more – we are here for you with emergency service, 24/7. We understand that when you need fire and water restoration, you can't wait.
Feel free to contact us if you have any enquiries!
Take Great Care Of Your Hotel Furniture
When hotel furniture is both beautiful and comfortable, it is far more inviting to guests and makes a great first impression. Your guests will be sure to notice attractive, clean furniture. Not only that, they’ll be far more inclined to come back again because they were so impressed by your stylish amenities and your hotel’s decor.
To maximize the value of your pieces and fixtures, make sure to establish a relationship with a company or service that provides upholstery cleaning, carpet cleaning, and other commercial cleaning services. You may also want to establish a relationship with a furniture and fixture restorer.
Let's take a look at some of the ways in which you can better care for your hotel furniture.
Hotel Furniture Transformation
To complement most any hotel setting, attractive furniture can be created from old, dull pieces. With reliable techniques, industry experience, and excellent customer service, the right company or individual is priceless for any hotel owner. For years to come, your guests will be able to enjoy your most cherished pieces thanks to cleaning or restoration services bringing them back to life.
Keep Your Furniture's Original Charm
To preserve the original character of your furnishing pieces, restoration goes a long way. It is, in fact, one of the main advantages of restoration. Hotels with quaint fixtures and antique furniture frequently depend on restoration services to maintain their historic, charming aesthetic. Whichever style and look you want to preserve, the right company or service can help keep those pieces which are near and dear to your heart well-maintained.
The following are methods of restoration, refinishing, and maintaining a hotel’s beloved decor:
- Custom finishing, millwork painting, and molding – To your exact taste, design specifications, and the existing finish, precise pieces can be met and matched. Your millwork can be molded, sanded, and finished expertly and beautifully.
- Reception lobby area retouching of wooden fixtures, furniture, etc. – Give your guests the first impression they crave. Keep them coming back time after time with a memorable experience.
- Make a modern masterpiece from a classic elevator – With wood pane restoration services, you'd be surprised what can be accomplished.
- Furniture restoration and refinishing – Using methods of a specialized nature, new life can be breathed back into old pieces.
It might be tempting, sometimes, to start from scratch and buy new furniture. STOP! Before you spend that kind of money, think about this: There may be more life left in that furniture than you may have thought. In the long run, you may benefit more from furniture restoration. Give it some serious consideration.
Let SERVPRO of West Somerset County Help You Care for Your Hotel Furniture
Our carpet and upholstery cleaning are second to none. At SERVPRO, however, we don't stop there. We can be of assistance with all sorts of building services, commercial cleaning services, and more. If you've had a problem with sewage and toilet overflow, need odor removal, want drapes and blinds cleaned, and more, trust us for the best service available.
We handle far more than hotels, as well. We service industrial and manufacturing locations, high-rise residential buildings, big box/large retail stores, small retail stores, restaurants, apartment buildings, and much more.
Feel free to contact us if you have any inquiries!
What You Need To Know About Our High-Speed Air Movers
Our high-speed air movers are an indispensable tool, but should not be confused with fans although they resemble them. While they do circulate air in a similar manner, they can stop or start immediately and will blow through an area which is more concentrated. Whereas fans are designed to cool an area down, the primary purpose of air movers is to rapidly dry areas which are damp or wet.
How Air Movers Dry Wet Spaces
Air movers can be used to dry areas or objects which are damp. They accomplish this by blowing air lower near the surface at rapid speeds, which forces the liquid to evaporate quickly. Because it operates near the surface of the floor, its air flow may be directed beneath cabinets or heavy furniture to quickly dry them. The main benefit of rapid drying is the avoidance of mold, but air movers are also used in situations where paint needs to dry fast.
Aside from their ability to dry rapidly, air movers can also remove hazardous fumes. This is crucial for construction workers, contractors or anyone who works in an environment where harmful fumes are present. The air mover can push the fumes out of designated areas to establish a safe working environment.
Cooling and Blowing
Like fans, air movers can cool things down. This is why they are used by construction workers to ventilate areas which are stuffy, and the air can even be directed to machines or objects which are hot so they can be cooled.
Since these devices can circulate air with tremendous speed, they can also be used for blowing away particles which are unwanted, such as leaves, dirt, dust, pollen or debris, and can even be used as a type of insect repellent, driving away mosquitoes and other pests to prevent them from entering structures.
How Do Air Movers Compare to Air Conditioning Units?
Air movers are far more versatile than A/C systems. Because air conditioning doesn’t cause a change in the air, it is incapable of extracting crisp air from outdoors. Rather, A/C systems are designed to recirculate the air which is already present within a structure to cool it down, but it will not provide ventilation.
As stated previously, air movers are designed to eliminate moisture, whereas air conditioning systems will often create it. This is why those who’ve worked with or been around traditional air conditioning systems notice them leaking, especially from the rear. In fact, it is this leakage which can lead to a buildup of mold within A/C systems that owners will have to clear out.
The final difference is in the cost. Air conditioning systems require electricity to power their compressor, as well as the fan, evaporator, blower and condenser. Air movers by contrast only require electricity for powering their blowers which force the fresh air into spaces. This means that air movers are far more cost effective than A/C systems.
Top Tips To Plan A Home Restoration Project After Experiencing Storm Damage
Whether it's tornado season, hurricane season, or just a freak storm, you're likely no stranger to home damage restoration if you live in an area that has frequent violent weather breakouts. Between structural damage, flooding, and debris, a restoration can feel like an emotionally draining, daunting task.
By creating a clear plan, your home restoration project can run smoother, and you'll be prepared no matter when the storm hits. Before the next storm, and while tackling the next project, the following should be considered.
Restore and Repair
Okay, the storm has passed and you're concentrating on restoration and repair. Think about what you're doing. Are there some steps you could take now, for down the road, so your home will be better protected against having to do this again? Do you need stronger windows? Does your sump pump need replacing? Are the winds in your area too much for your garage door? Should you be reinforcing any of your home’s structural features? If storm damage restoration is currently being done, there is no time like the present to tackle preventative projects.
One Step at a Time
Try not to be overwhelmed. It might feel like you're rebuilding your entire house because things tend to pile up quickly. If you feel like you're not getting anything done, or you feel overloaded, stop! Regroup after taking a moment for yourself.
So you don't get buried, break down your costs and steps and only tackle one or two projects at a time. Unless you have temporary housing lined up, you'll have to live in your home so you must keep it somewhat comfortable and livable for the sake of your mental health and stress level.
Take Care Of Necessities First
First things first! What are your immediate needs in the storm restoration process? While redoing your kitchen may seem far more glamorous, you should concentrate immediately on drying out your home and assessing its structure. Where the necessities are concerned, don't cut corners, or you may end up with deterioration, mold, and other hazards or harmful situations.
Before You Begin – Do Your Research
Before you need it, start doing some research. Look at who the best area contractors are, factors that influence the costs of flood damage, your insurance coverage, and other need-to-know details. Don't be afraid to call contractors and other home restoration specialists or services. It's better to communicate with them now than in a panicked state because disaster has already hit.
For any home restoration project, try to set a clear budget. Think about things you might have to tackle in the future. Start budgeting subprojects by starting an emergency fund. Naturally, the cost of storm damage restoration can't be anticipated, but now you have somewhere to start.
The Best Tip Ever for Storm Damage Restoration – Contact SERVPRO of West Somerset County
SERVPRO doesn't simply assist people with a little water damage or storm damage restoration on the side – it's what we do! But we don't stop there. We also offer odor removal, carpet cleaning, sewage cleanup, mold remediation, and so much more. Whether you have a residential or commercial building, we can help.
What's more, we offer 24/7 emergency service. We understand that disasters don't wait for a certain time of day – so neither do we. We will expedite a team of experts to your location when you need us. No job is too big or too small.
Don't take on the job of storm damage restoration on your own. Feel free to contact us if you have any questions!
SERVPRO of West Somerset County Offers 24-Hour Emergency Services
A fire or water emergency is devastating at any time it occurs, but especially after hours. The longer it takes to get the matter resolved, the greater the damage, which is why it is important to know an emergency restoration provider that offers 24-hour emergency services.
Why is Speed so Critical during a Crisis?
Property damage involving water and fire are incredibly invasive. Water will spread rapidly throughout the building, and will be absorbed by furniture, walls, floors and upholstery. The damage resulting from fire will continue even after it has been extinguished. The reason for this is because the particulates and soot which are emitted from the smoke will severely damage metal, fabric and anything that is porous.
Timeline for Water Damage
Minutes after flooding occurs, the liquid will spread all over the building, saturating anything it comes into contact with. The finish on furniture may “bleed” which can lead to permanent stains, especially on carpets. Books, photographs and anything made from paper will warp and swell.
After twenty four hours, the drywall will begin to dissolve and swell. Metallic objects might start to display tarnish, and furniture will crack. Any dyes or inks which are present on clothing and paper will stain and expand. Those who visit the property at this time might also detect a musty scent.
If the water damage hasn’t been repaired between forty eight hours to seven days later, mold will develop which will rapidly spread. Windows and doors will start to warp and swell, and metal will develop rust with corrosion. Paint will blister, wooden objects will warp and swell, and anyone who enters the property at this time is at risk of biohazard contamination. By this point, the restoration cost will substantially skyrocket.
Timeline for Fire Damage
Minutes after a fire subsides, the residue from the soot will settle onto every nearby surface. The soot will react with some materials in a manner that causes rapid corrosion and deterioration. It will become embedded within carpet fibers, drapery and any type of fabric. Materials which are porous will display discoloration.
Hours after a fire occurs, the flooring and wooden furniture might have to be completely refinished, since the soot will start to consume it. Metallic objects will corrode or rust while clothing will be permanently stained. Any nearby walls which are painted will turn yellow in color.
After a week or more has passed and the fire damage has not been repaired, any objects which have been exposed to the soot will be permanently damaged. It is also possible that the building itself might have sustained structural debasement that can make it dangerous to traverse.
As you can see, both water and fire damage is serious and must be addressed as soon as possible. The longer you wait, the harder it will be to restore your valuables, and the costs will rise correspondingly.
Should You Call A Plumber Or Water Damage Restoration Specialist
If you have an emergency involving water damage, who do you call? Who's more qualified, in this particular situation, to be the most help: water damage restoration specialists or a plumber?
At some point in your life, you're going to be glad we answered this question for you. Almost everyone has a pervasive problem like water damage at least once. In fact, every year, a water damage insurance claim is filed by one in 50 homes. Rest assured, you're not alone if you find yourself facing water damage.
As to whether to call a water damage restoration company or a plumber, however, it may depend on the type of water damage you experience. To assess and repair damage, you may require a plumber for some types of water damage. A water restoration company will be needed for others.
There are many kinds of water damage from full on flooding to a simple, leaky pipe. Let's take a look at who to call for certain kinds of damage.
Call a Plumber? Call a Damage Restoration Specialist?
A plumber is suitable for minor repair problems and fixes. If standing water or structures come into play, and for more severe issues, you should have the phone number of a reputable restoration company handy.
Let's take a look at what each of these services covers.
Water Damage Restoration Professionals
When excess water caused by natural disasters or plumbing issues requires emergency services, water restoration companies remove items that were damaged, and restore building contents and structures. Professional drying equipment is used by these experts such as air movers and dehumidifiers to prevent mold growth and further damage, as well as removing moisture from walls, floors, etc.
Since water damage and fire/smoke damage frequently go hand-in-hand, water damage professionals are also experienced in smoke damage. They also will likely have experience in construction, mold remediation, flood damage, storm damage, and repair.
What is the first and foremost job of a plumber? Answer: find the source of water damage and fix it. Their purpose is to figure out where the problem lies and stop the damage from happening. When it comes to repairing water damage and cleanup, however, plumbers may not be particularly knowledgeable.
Plumbers take care of broken sewer lines, gas lines, clogged toilets, cracked or leaking pipes, and broken kitchen faucets (among other things).
But if desperation grips you and you’re facing issues like frozen water pipes, home and basement flooding, mold, etc., the situation becomes a bit trickier. Deeper than the human eye can see, further damage may lie deep within walls, floors, etc.
Here's your takeaway: If you experience flooding or leaks, a plumber is going to figure out what the problem is and stop it. However, to restore and repair your property damage, you're going to want to call in a water restoration company. Here's who to call…
Let SERVPRO of West Somerset County Repair Your Water Damage
At SERVPRO, dealing with water damage isn't simply a sideline – it's what we do. We have advanced water inspection processes, extraction processes, and state-of-the-art drying equipment. We are locally operated and owned, and, in the water restoration industry, have become a trusted leader. All our technicians are highly trained in water restoration and we are quick to arrive at any size disaster. We offer 24-hour emergency service – because water damage doesn't run on a schedule.
Feel free to contact us if you have any enquiries!
How Often Should Commercial Carpets Be Cleaned?
To project a positive image, every business needs to concentrate on one of the biggest contributors – cleanliness. People assume you're running a business that's productive when your carpet, entryway, and lobby is welcoming and clean. Particularly in areas of high traffic, commercial carpets withstand constant debris, dirt, etc.
In your facility or office, how often do you suppose you should have the carpets cleaned?
Truth be told, there is not a singular correct answer to this question. A unique setting exists in every building. To determine cleaning frequency, however, there are a few guidelines by which to operate. The foot traffic experienced every day has a lot to do with your cleaning schedule. The type of business you run and the type of carpet you have also weigh in. Also possibly related to the operation of your precise business is the type of dirt that is tracked in.
When making a cleaning schedule, keep the following factors in mind.
Questions to Ask
To help determine a cleaning schedule, you want to have the answers to the following questions:
What type of commercial space do you have? Some facilities simply need more frequent carpet cleaning than others.
What kind of foot traffic is experienced throughout the week? Don't just count customer foot traffic. Remember to count staff members as well. More traffic means more frequent cleaning.
What is the style and color of your carpet? The lighter the color and the higher the nap, the more frequently your carpet will probably need cleaning.
Facilities and Carpet Cleaning Scheduling
Here are some various businesses and a suggestion as to how often to schedule carpet cleaning. Keep in mind that many variants figure into this equation, thereby changing the demand for cleaning:
- Churches – At least once a year, have a thorough cleaning and protecting done. Depending on their size, multiple cleanings can be done on entrances during the year.
- Schools – Every 3 to 6 months, schools should have carpets cleaned.
- Office buildings – Every six months to annually, office buildings should clean their carpets. You must also consider what kind of dirt is being tracked in by employees and customers, and the number of employees and customers coming through.
- Retail stores – Every 3 to 6 months, you should have your carpet cleaned and protected if you experience a high level of foot traffic.
- Nursing homes/medical facilities – Regarding the sanitation and cleaning of healthcare facilities, there are numerous regulations. It has never been more important, considering the increased awareness of airborne contaminants today, for healthcare facilities to increase their deep carpet cleaning schedules.
- Bars/restaurants – At least quarterly, carpets should be cleaned and protected in bars and restaurants. Among other things, kitchen grease that gets tracked through and spills make this an essential duty.
Let SERVPRO of West Somerset County Clean Your Commercial Carpeting and More
Do you need commercial carpet cleaning? At SERVPRO, we can be of assistance. We can also help with upholstery cleaning, should you feel you can benefit from that. When it comes to commercial cleaning, in fact, we cover all the bases. We service military and government buildings, industrial and manufacturing locations, high-rise residential buildings, big box/large retail stores, hotels/motels, restaurants, and much more.
We don't stop at carpet cleaning, either. We remove graffiti and clean up vandalism, clean up crime scenes, we can handle toilet and sewage overflow, do only removal, clean your drapes and blinds, and more. There's almost no limit to the services we can provide for your business.
Feel free to contact us if you have any enquiries!
How Does Smoke Damage Affect Your Property's Contents?
If you have ever experienced a fire in your home, then you would know that even small fires can produce tremendous amounts of smoke. This can result in smoke damage that is difficult to mitigate without professional help. Smoke damage can damage the structural integrity of your home, tarnish your furniture and even destroy your personal belongings. Smoke contains tons of dangerous chemicals that can have detrimental effects on our health. It can also affect the various surfaces in your home differently, making smoke damage restoration a time-sensitive issue.
Can You Salvage any Belongings?
If you lack experience with smoke damage, it can be challenging to decide which items require the most attention. However, with the help of expert professionals, you will be able to determine which of your belongings can be salvaged. More importantly, it is important to note that these items should be salvaged as soon as possible, which might be impossible if you do not possess the necessary equipment and knowledge.
There are many different factors to consider when dealing with items that have been affected by smoke damage. In order to decide how to handle them, experts must first determine the temperature that the fire was burning at, what type of fire caused the smoke damage, and even the type of materials that were burnt. Furthermore, without the proper expertise, it is not easy to deal with the remnant smoke particles that might seep into any cracks in your home. If this is not dealt with properly, you might be left with a lingering, unpleasant smoke smell long after the fire is put out. When handling such situations, it is crucial to create good ventilation for your home, remove the remaining debris, and attempt to neutralize the odor of smoke. Experts also feel that the most important factor to remember after a fire is time.
Damage to Household Items
- Furniture: If you happen to own a wood furniture, it is best that you do not try to clean it on your own. This is because they can stain your flooring or carpets with its dyes. On the other hand, if your furniture is largely made of metal, smoke damage can cause rust to happen and stain your rug or carpet as well. This is why professionals utilize various protective barriers to separate the different surfaces in your home until they are completely dry.
- Porous Surfaces: Some porous surfaces such as paint and plaster can be irreversibly stained by smoke. As such, it is essential to use dry chemical sponges to avoid causing permanent stains on your walls.
- Hard Floors: In the case of a fire, wooden flooring might need to be replaced entirely because of the water damage from fighting the fire. However, if there are still areas of your floor that are undamaged by water, it might even be possible to resurface them.
Sense of Urgency
If there is one thing you should take away from this article, it should be that time is of the essence when fighting smoke damage. If these actions are delayed for up to a few days, there is an increased chance of permanent stains in your home, with other problems such as rust and corrosion of your belongings. In the long run, it will definitely be much cheaper to hire a team of professionals to fix the problem with a sense of urgency.
Learn How to Avoid Winter Storm Damage
Winter storms are a threat to anyone living in the northern hemisphere. According to research, the damage caused by ice, snow and windstorms is right behind tornadoes and hurricanes and may create more than one billion dollars’ worth of property damage, not to mention the lost sales and productivity. Below are some tips for avoiding winter storm damage.
Install the Proper Roofing Material
The roofing material you use should be large and flat with extensive insulation. Those living in areas with lots of tree cover are at particular risk as shady locations have a greater chance of heavier snowfall and buildup of ice, which can cause a phenomenon called drifting. Vents or skylights might have structural weaknesses which can lead to leaks. Any area of the roof which is inadequately insulated will allow the escape of heat, which will cause snow to then melt down and refreeze.
Protect Your Water Pipes
The crawl spaces, attics and exterior walls of many buildings in the northeastern U.S. contain water pipes which are used to bring water to the faucets. If these pipes are not properly insulated, they will freeze and then crack or even break. This in turn will lead to the leakage of water and all the damage that comes with it.
Make sure that the pipes within your home are insulated by using pipe sleeves, and in unheated rooms like the bathroom or kitchen, open the cabinets to allow the warm air from other areas of the building to circulate there. Another tip for preventing pipe freezing is to run a bit of water during ice storms.
Make Sure You Have Adequate Insurance Coverage
Those living in areas which are vulnerable to freezing temperatures during winter need specific insurance coverage. Your policy should contain a term called “named perils” which covers the building and all the content within against damage resulting from windstorms, hail, and ice, sleet, snow, and collapse or water damage.
Trim Nearby Tree Branches
Low tree branches which overhang your property can become dangerous during winter storms, because the ice and snow weight will force the branches downward. This in turn will cause damage to the roof and other areas of the property. Additionally, power lines may become damaged if the branches are not maintained and then tumble downward during a snow storm. Cut every tree branch which is too close to your home especially ash and oak trees since their branches are most vulnerable to breaking off.
Use Insulation to Prevent Ice Dams
Ice dams will appear when departing heat melts the ice along a roofline, causing it to drip down the sides and refreeze. If not addressed, the ice dams can cause roof damage or leakage, and the presence of icicles should serve as a warning. The best way to avoid them is through insulation. Seal the gaps near lighting fixtures to prevent warm from departing into your roof and make sure attic temperatures are warmer than the external air.